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Article: What is an EPD?


Estimated time to read: 5 minutes


What is an EPD?

Some building materials like cob, cork, recycled steel, and wood are often assumed to be eco-friendly and green. However, one can often forget about crucial factors that influence overall emissions of materials used in construction.

The Environmental Product Declaration (EPD) is a universal report in accordance with the international standard ISO14025 that provides detailed information about the environmental impact of construction materials.

Nowadays it has become increasingly important to minimize the impact of our actions on the environment. We all try to reduce our carbon footprint by consuming less electricity, using public transportation, and buying local food. The issue of climate change is not just a problem for each individual household but for every business. In order to control environmental emissions, governments are imposing more and more regulatory requirements on businesses. Let’s find out who actually needs an EPD.

An EPD provides valuable and relevant information for:

  • Material Manufacturer: to showcase commitment to transparency and sustainability, distinguishing them from competitors.
  • Construction Companies: to select materials that align with their own sustainability goals or those of their clients.
  • Architects and engineers: to make informed design decisions based on detailed environmental data.
  • Building Owners and Managers: to have higher market values and be more likely to attract tenants, if using sustainable materials.

Why are EPDs crucial?

Even though an EPD is not always legally required for a company, having one shows how eco-conscious a company is. EPD integration into construction businesses has become more common in recent years. EPDs will substantially widen a manufacturer’s client base, especially for projects aiming for certifications like LEED or BREEAM. These certifications often require materials with an available EPD, as they must meet strict environmental criteria.

EPDs are increasingly requested because:

What does an EPD include?

Environmental Product Declarations have extensive information on a material’s impact on the environment. It provides valuable insights into various areas including carbon emissions, toxicity, resource use, and waste generation, among others. In the following articles, we will tell you more about the content of EPDs.

The Creation and Verification Process:

Making an EPD involves doing a Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) to collect data on resource use, production methods, maintenance, disposal, and recycling. Each EPD is created following specific Product Category Rules (PCR) as defined by the verifier, ensuring standardized and comparable results. After completion, the EPD undergoes independent verification to validate the reliability and accuracy of the provided information. With the help of Emidat, 1-by-1 verification can be skipped. By pre-verifying our software with the same independent third party that previously verified EPDs 1-by-1, we simplify the process for both the user and the verifier. After pre-verification, verified EPDs can be generated immediately, automatically, and free of cost.

As a result, EPDs play a significant role in promoting environmentally sustainable construction practices. By providing transparency and sustainability, manufacturers can contribute to a greener and more sustainable future. A manufacturer should consider creating an Environmental Product Declaration to stay relevant and appealing in a market that is becoming increasingly interested in sustainable products and practices.

The process of creating and verifying an EPD might seem complicated at first, but the Emidat services will make the process accessible and straightforward for you.